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    医学英语¡ª¡ª常用护理词汇

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    Nursing processes 护理过程

    assessment 估计

    nursing diagnosis 护理诊断

    planning 计划

    intervention £¨implementation£¬ management£© 措施£¨实施¡¢管理£©

    evaluation 评价Daily care of the patient 对病人的日常护理

    morning £¨evening£© care£¬ AM £¨HS£© care 晨£¨晚£©间护理

    bedmaking 整理床铺

    oral hygiene £¨mouth care£© 口腔卫生

    brushing the teeth 刷牙

    flossing the teeth 清牙垢

    denture care 清洗假牙

    bathing 洗澡

    cleanliness and skin care 清洁与皮肤护理

    perineal care 洗会阴

    hair 梳头

    shaving 刮脸

    Care of nails and feet 指甲修剪和洗脚

    changing hospital gowns 更换住院服装

    massage 按摩

    bedsore care 褥疮护理Measurement of vital signs 测量生命体征

    taking oral £¨rectal£¬ axillary£© temperature

    量口腔£¨直肠¡¢腋下£©体温

    taking a radial pulse 测量桡动脉脉搏

    counting respirations 计呼吸次数

    measuring £¨taking£© blood pressure 量血压Catheterization 导管插入术

    cardiac catheterization 心导管插入术

    laryngeal catheterization喉插管术

    retro-urethral catheterization 逆行导尿管插入术

    urethral catheterization 尿道导管插入术Clean techniques£¬ medical asepsis 消毒灭菌

    asepsis 无菌£¨法£©

    integral asepsis 完全无菌

    disinfection 消毒

    concomitant £¨concurrent£© disinfection 随时消毒£¬?#35789;?#28040;毒

    steam disinfection 蒸汽消毒

    terminal disinfection 终末消毒

    disinfection by ultraviolet light 紫外线消毒

    Sterilization 灭菌£¬消毒

    chemical sterilization 化学灭菌法

    fractional sterilization 间歇灭菌法

    intermittent sterilization 间歇灭菌法

    mechanical sterilization 器械灭菌法Decompression 减压£¨术£©

    oardiac decompression 心减压术

    cerebral decompression 脑减压术

    orbital decompression 眼眶减压术

    decompression of decompression 心包减压术

    gastro-intestinal decompression 胃肠减压术

    decompression of rectum 直肠减压术

    decompression of spinal cord 脊髓减压术Dialysis透析

    peritoneal dialysis腹膜透析

    hemodialysis 血?#21644;?#26512;Drainage 引流¡¢?#23478;?br />
    aspiration £¨suction£© drainage 吸引?#23478;º£?#24341;流£©

    closed drainage 关闭引流法

    negative pressure drainage 负?#21038;?#24341;法

    open drainage 开放引流法

    postural drainage 体位引流法

    vaginal drainage 阴道引流法

    vesicocelomic drainage 膀胱腹腔引流Drainage 灌肠

    barium enema钡灌肠

    blind enema肛管排气法

    contrast enema对比灌肠

    glycerin enema甘油灌肠

    high £¨low£© enema 高£¨低£©位灌肠

    magnesium sulfate enema 硫酸镁灌肠

    retention £¨non-retention£© enema 保留£¨无保留£©灌肠

    soapsuds enema ?#35797;?#27700;灌肠

    turpentine enema 松节油灌肠Feeding 饲£¬喂养

    Forced £¨forcible£© feeding 强制喂养

    intubtaion £¨tube£© feeding 管饲法

    nasal feeding 鼻饲法

    rectal feeding 直肠营养法Heat and clod applications 冷¡¢热敷

    applying hot compresses 热敷

    applying hot soaks 湿热敷

    assisting the patient to take a sitz bath 帮病人坐浴

    applying hot water bottles 用?#20154;?#29942;

    applying an ice bag £¨collar0 用冰袋

    applying cold compresses 冷敷

    giving a cold £¨an alcohol£© sponge bath 冷水£¨酒精£©擦浴Infusion 输入£¬注入

    glucose infusion 葡萄糖液输注

    glucose-saline infusion 葡萄糖£­盐水输注

    saline infusion 盐水输注

    Injection 注射

    endermic £¨intracutaneous£© injection 皮内注射

    hypertonic saline injection 高渗盐水注射

    hypodermic injection 皮下注射

    intramuscular injection 肌内注射

    intraocular injection 眼球注射

    intrapleural injection 胸膜腔注射

    intrauterine injection 子宫内注射

    nasal injection 鼻内注射

    peritoneal injection 腹膜腔注射

    rectal injection 直肠注射

    subconjunctival injection 结膜下注射

    urethral injection 尿道注射

    vaginal injection 阴道注射Irrigation 冲洗

    vaginal irrigation 阴道冲洗

    bladder irrigation 膀胱冲洗

    continuous irrigation 连续冲洗法

    mediate irrigation 间接冲洗法Isolation 隔离¡¢分离

    strict isolation 严密隔离

    contact isolation 接触隔离

    respiratory isolation 呼吸隔离

    drainage £¨secretion£© precautions 引流预防措施

    enteric precautions 肠道预防措施

    blood £¨body fluid£© precautions 血液£¨体液£©预防措施

    protective isolation 保护性隔离Lavage 灌洗

    blood £¨systemic£© lavage 血液毒素清洗法

    ether lavage £¨腹腔内£©乙醚洗法

    gastric lavage 洗胃

    intestinal lavage 洗肠

    peritoneal lavage 腹膜腔灌洗

    pleural lavage 胸膜腔灌洗Medication 药疗£¬投药£¬给药

    endermic medication 皮内透药法

    hypodermatic medication 皮下投药法

    intramuscular medication 肌肉投药法

    ionic medication ?#33009;?#36879;药?#21697;?br />
    nasal medication 鼻内投药法

    oral medication 口服法

    rectal medication 直肠投药法

    sublingual medication 舌下投药法

    transduodenal medication 十二指肠内投药法

    vaginal medication 阴道投药法

    Suctioning 吸气引液

    upper airway suctioning 上呼吸道抽吸法

    nasogastric suctioning 鼻胃抽吸

    wound suctioning 伤口吸引Transfusion 输血

    arterial transfusion 动脉输血

    blood transfusion 输血

    direct £¨immediate £© transfusion 直接输血

    drip transfusion 滴注输£¨血£©液

    indirect transfusion 间接输血

    plasma transfusion 输血浆

    serum transfusion 输血清

    venous transfusion 静脉输血£¬静脉输液Diet nursing 伙食护理

    absolute diet £¨fasting£© 禁食

    balanced diet 均衡伙食

    convalescent diet ?#25351;?#26399;饮食

    diabetic diet 糖尿病饮食

    eucaloric diet ?#23454;比?#37327;饮食

    fat-free diet 无脂饮食

    salt-free diet 无?#25105;?#39135;

    fever diet 热病饮食

    full diet 全?#24120;?#26222;通饮食

    half diet 半食

    high caloric diet 高热量饮食

    high-carbohydrate diet 高糖类饮食

    high-protein £¨protein rich£© diet 高蛋白饮食

    invalid diet 病弱者饮食

    light diet 易消化饮食

    liquid diet 流质饮食

    high fat diet 高脂饮食

    low fat diet 低脂饮食

    low caloric diet 低热量饮食

    low-protein diet 低蛋白饮食

    low-residue diet 低渣饮食

    nourishing diet 滋补饮食

    obesity diet 肥胖病饮食

    prenatal diet 孕期饮食

    regimen diet 规定?#31216;?br />
    smooth £¨soft£© diet 细软饮食Preparing the patient for the surgery 为病人手术前做?#24613;?br />
    shaving the patient¡®s skin £¨skin prep£© 备皮 医.学教.育网搜.集整理

    anesthesia 麻醉Postoperative care 手术后护理

    coughing and deep-breathing exercises ?#20154;院?#21560;练习

    applying elastic stockings 穿弹性袜

    applying elastic bandages 用弹性绷带Emergency care £¨first aid£© 急救护理

    cardiopulmonary resuscitation 心肺循环复苏术

    mouth-to-mouth£¨mouth-to-nose£¬mouth-to-stoma£© resuscitation

    口对口£¨口对鼻£¬口对颈部小口£©循环复苏术

    emergency care for fainting £¨shock£¬ stroke£© victims

    昏厥£¨休克¡¢中风£©患者急救

    emergency care used to control hemorrhage 止血急救

    emergency care given to help a patient who is vomiting

    呕吐患者急救

    emergency care for a patient during a seizure 癫痫发作急救

    hospice care 临终护理

    postmortem care 死后护理
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